Officially the Federal Republic of Germany. Member state of the EuropeanUnion. Germany is situated between the.Seasto the north, and the. Tothe south; it covers an area of 357,022 square kilometres(137,847 sq mi), with a population of over 83 million within its16. The nation's capital and. Thelargest urban area is the. Haveinhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since. In the 10th century, German territories formed acentral part of the. Became the centre of the. And the dissolution of theHoly Roman Empire in 1806, the. Most of the German states unified.
TheEmpire was replaced by the semi-presidential. In1933 led to the establishment of.After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of. Germany was divided into theFederal Republic of Germany, generally known as. And the German Democratic Republic.
The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member ofthe. While the German Democratic Republic was a communist. State and member of the. Jointhe Federal Republic of Germany on.As aglobal leader in several industrial. Sectors, it is both the world's. Germanyis a member of the. The English word Germany derives from theLatin.
Which came into use after. Adopted it for the peoples east of the. Originally diutisciu land ('theGerman lands') is derived from. Diutisc'ofthe people' (from diot or diota'people'), originally used to distinguish the. Language of the common people.
This in turn descends from. Of thepeople' see also the Latinised form.
People', from which the word. Pre-human ancestors, who were present in Germany over 11 millionyears ago, are theorized to be among the earliest ones to walk on two legs. Ancient humans were present in Germanyat least 600,000 years ago.The first non-modern human fossilthe. Similarly dated evidence of modernhumans has been found in the. Including 42,000-year-old flutes which are the oldest musicalinstruments ever found. Is attributed to a German site. Germanic tribes and Frankish Empire. And north Germany, they expanded south, east, and west, coming into contact with the. Began to invade lands inhabited by the Germanic tribes, creating a short-lived Roman province of.
Germanic tribes had settled along the Rhineand the Danube the. Around 260, Germanic peoples broke intoRoman-controlled lands.
After the invasion of the. In 375, and with the decline of Romefrom 395, Germanic tribes moved farther southwest: the Franks establishedthe. And areas of what is today eastern Germanywere inhabited by. Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany.On 11 August 1919, President. In the subsequent struggle forpower. But conservative elements elsewhere attempted to overthrow the Republic inthe. Street fighting in the major industrialcentres, the. By Belgian and French troops, and aperiod of. In 1924 ushered in the. An era of artistic innovation and liberalcultural life. Which caused unemployment of nearly 30%by 1932. Became the largest party in Reichstagafter. A special election in 1932. And Hindenburg appointed Hitler asChancellor of Germany on 30 January 1933.
Gave Hitler unrestricted legislativepower, overriding the constitution. Withdrew from theLeague of Nations. And dramatically increased the country's. A government-sponsored programme foreconomic renewal focused on public works, the most famous of which wasthe. In 1935, the regime withdrew from the Treaty of Versailles andintroduced the.
Germany also reacquired control ofthe. The Sudetenland in 1938 with the. And in violation of the agreement. (Night of Broken Glass) saw the burningof synagogues, the destruction of Jewish businesses, and mass arrests of Jewishpeople. That dividedEastern Europe into German and.On 1 September 1939, Germany. Britain and France declared war onGermany on 3 September. In the spring of 1940, Germany. Forcing the French government to sign anarmistice.
The British repelled German air attacks in the. By 1942, Germany and its allies controlledmost of. But following the Soviet victory atthe. And entered Germany despite a.
On 8 May 1945, ending World War II inEurope. Following the end of the war, survivingNazi officials were tried for. In what later became known as. Persecutedminorities, including interning them in concentration and.
17 million people were systematically murdered. Including 6 million Jews, at least130,000. And hundreds of thousands of.
In German-occupied countries resulted inthe deaths of an estimated 2.7 million. Have been estimated at 5.3 million. And around 900,000 German civiliansdied.
12 million ethnic Germans were expelled. From across Eastern Europe, and Germanylost roughly. Buyers have been satisfied with my services and responsiveness.